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Ideally, you should schedule your horse's vaccines to give maximum disease protection. And the optimal time is not the same for everyone. Certain vaccines, such as those for tetanus and rabies, may be administered at any time of year. But for others, the timing of immunizations depends on a variety of factors? the illness and how it spreads, the location of the nation in which you reside, and whether your horse remains at home in a closed herd or travels to horse shows (or comes into touch with show horses) and is thus more likely to be exposed. When a horse goes from a home barn to a boarding stable with an indoor arena, for instance, the danger of transmittable respiratory infections such as strangles may increase. Attempt to schedule immunizations against these illnesses so that he is protected then or at other times when he will be at danger. The danger of insect-borne illnesses, such as Eastern and Western equine encephalitis, West Nile virus, and Potomac horse fever, is highest when these insects are prevalent. Schedule immunizations against these illnesses in northern regions shortly before the spring bug population boom. Vaccines may need more frequent administration in the south.

Typically, clostridial vaccination instructions include a booster dosage, which is effectively a second dose of the same vaccine administered after a certain time period. Some clostridial vaccinations, especially those including mannheimia, may need a booster dose of a product containing exclusively clostridial antigens. Booster periods vary between two and six weeks after the first vaccine. These suggestions are based on the vaccine manufacturer's study that was submitted for product approval. Therefore, the effects of administering the booster dosage earlier or later than indicated on the label are mostly unclear.

Always with your veterinarian before developing a vaccination regimen for your horse. ALL horses should be vaccinated against rabies, EEE/WEE, tetanus, and West Nile Virus. The risk-based vaccinations will vary according on whether your horse travels, your geographic area, your horse's breeding status, and other factors. Consult your veterinarian to establish your horse's risk level for each illness; do not administer every available vaccination, since this might be expensive and unneeded. Vaccination standards for adult horses, broodmares, and foals, as well as horses that have never been vaccinated, vary somewhat. Be careful to adhere to the AAEP's immunization instructions for your horse. Remember that it may take several weeks for your horse to be protected after receiving a vaccination, so plan appropriately depending on the weather and your travel plans.

Additional precautions against tetanus Be vigilant about puncture wounds. Deep wounds that heal completely, trapping dirt and germs under the skin, are ideal tetanus incubators. Inspect wounds carefully to evaluate their depth, and consult a veterinarian if uncertain. Pay close attention to wounds on the hooves and lower legs, which are more prone to come into contact with dung and dirt.

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